Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts is an association of leading
personalities of great reputation in the world of art.
It was founded in 1948 by the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat
Bayern) as the "most important centre for cultivation
of the arts". It represents the revival of one of
the ideas of the Royal Academy of Arts in Munich, founded
in 1808, which - according to Schelling's memorandum of
association - was supposed to be the "liberal society
of art". The decree of 1948 determined that the Academy
has to "observe permanently and to support the development
of arts in any way appearing suitable or to offer suggestions
for its support". In addition it is its task to "contribute
to the intellectual discussion between arts as well as
between art and society and to break a lance for the dignity
of the arts".